There is also a study of the brassinosteroid, 28-Homobrassinolide (HB), in rats which can also be used as a proxy for Laxogenin. The study concluded that HB stimulated protein synthesis and inhibited protein degradation in part by inducing Akt phosphorylation .  Akt is a serine/threonine kinase that signals downstream of growth factor receptors and phosphoinositide-3 kinase PI3K. Akt also stimulates glucose uptake, glycogen synthesis via Akt/mTOR and Akt/GSK-3β signaling networks.  In addition, HB triggered a selective anabolic response with minimal to no androgenic side-effects.